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Suggestions to Kick-start Your Hifdz this Ramadan! [say Inshaa’Allah]

Have trouble picking which Surahs to memorize this Ramadan?

Let me provide a menu inshaa’Allah:

1. Surah al Mulk or Surah As-Sajda

  •  30 verses in total
  • 2 verses daily
  • memorized by 15th Ramadan
  • ponder over its Tafseer for the next 15 days
  • virtues of Surah al Mulk: It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is a soorah of the Qur’aan containing thirty verses which have interceded for a man until he was forgiven. It is the surah Tabaarak alladhi bi yadihi’l-mulk.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2891; Ahmad, 7634; Abu Dawood, 1400; Ibn Maajah, 3786. This hadeeth was classed as hasan by al-Tirmidhi and by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 3/6.]
  • virtues of Surah al Mulk and Surah as-Sajda: narrated from Jaabir, that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) never used to sleep until he had recited Alif-laam-meem tanzeel [al-Sajdah] and Tabaarak alladhi bi yadihi’l-mulk [al-Mulk]. [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2892; Ahmad, 14249. Al-Albaani said in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi (3/6) that this hadeeth is saheeh]

2. Surah Al Kahf 

  •  110 verses in total
  • 4 verses daily (2 after Fajr with meaning, 2 after Dhuhr with meaning )
  • memorized by the last day of Ramadan
  • virtues of Surah Al Kahf:  Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Ad-Darda’ that the Prophet said: “Whoever memorizes ten Ayat from the beginning of Surat Al-Kahf will be protected from the Dajjal.” This was also recorded by Muslim, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i and At-Tirmidhi. According to the version recorded by At-Tirmidhi, “Whoever memorizes three Ayat from the beginning of Al-Kahf.” He said, it is “Hasan Sahih. ” In his Mustadrak, Al-Hakim recorded from Abu Sa`id that the Prophet said:”Whoever recites Surat Al-Kahf on Friday, it will illuminate him with light from one Friday to the next.” Then he said: “This Hadith has a Sahih chain, but they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it. [Source: Tafseer Ibn Kathir]

3. First 4, mid 3 (255-257) and last 3 verses of Suratul Baqarah

In Musnad Ahmad, Sahih Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i, it is recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said, 

“Do not turn your houses into graves. Verily, Shaytan does not enter the house where Surat Al-Baqarah is recited.”

[At-Tirmidhi said, ‘Hasan Sahih’]

Also, `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, “Shaytan flees from the house where Surat Al-Baqarah is heard.” This Hadith was collected by An-Nasa’i in Al-Yawm wal-Laylah, and Al-Hakim recorded it in his Mustadrak, and then said that its chain of narration is authentic, although the Two Sahihs did not collect it. In his Musnad, Ad-Darimi recorded that Ibn Mas`ud said, “Shaytan departs the house where Surat Al-Baqarah is being recited, and as he leaves, he passes gas.” Ad-Darimi also recorded that Ash-Sha`bi said that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, “Whoever recites ten Ayat from Surat Al-Baqarah in a night, then Shaytan will not enter his house that night. (These ten Ayat are) four from the beginning, Ayat Al-Kursi (255), the following two Ayat (256-257) and the last three Ayat.” In another narration, Ibn Mas`ud said, “Then Shaytan will not come near him or his family, nor will he be touched by anything that he dislikes. Also, if these Ayat were to be recited over a senile person, they would wake him up.” [Source: Tafseer Ibn Kathir]

4. Last 10 verses of Surah Ale Imraan

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

Once I passed the night in the house of Maimuna (his aunt). I slept across the bed while Allah’s Apostle and his wife slept length-wise. The Prophet slept till midnight or nearly so and woke up rubbing his face and recited ten verses from Surat Aal-Imran.” Allah’s Apostle went towards a leather skin and performed ablution in the most perfect way and then stood for the prayer. I did the same and stood beside him. The Prophet put his right hand on my head, twisted my ear and then prayed two Rakat five times and then ended his prayer with Witr. He laid down till the Muadh-dhin came then he stood up and offered two Rakat (Sunna of Fajr prayer) and then went out and offered the Fajr prayer. [Volume 2, Book 16, Number 106]

***

Surahs from the Sunnah of Rasulalah Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam 

We can also memorize short Surahs that the Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam used to recite in his Salah. You can pick one Surah which you feel is easy for you to memorize from each slot. I’ve sorted them according to the least number of verses and I hope it motivates people to memorize. It is highly encouraged that brothers become a little courageous and lead Salah in the Masaajid and so when they do that, they can utilize these Surahs in their Jama’h. Also, we all can benefit by reciting them when praying at home. This way inshaa’Allah you’ll not only get the reward of memorizing the Surah but also following the Sunnah. Isn’t that neat? (You can click on the image to get a better view hopefully.)

References

1. Muadh bin Abdullah Johani RA narrated: ‘A man from Johainah informed me that: He listened to the Prophet Salalahu alayhi wasalam reciting Surah Az-Zilzal in both the rakahs of Fajr prayer.’ [Abu Da’-wood, As-Salat, Chapter: Repetition of one Surah in two Rak’ahs, Hadith # 816]

2. ‘Amr bin Hureeth RA narrated that: ‘ He heard the Messenger of Allah Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam reciting “wal layli ithaa ‘as ‘as” in Fajr prayer.’ [Muslim, As-Salat, Chapter: Recitation in the Fajr prayer, Hadith # 456]

3. Simak bin Harb RA narrted: ‘I asked Jabir bin Samurah RA about the prayer of the Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam. He said: “He Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam used to shorten the Salah and did not pray like these people.” And he said that the Messenger of Allah Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam used to recite ‘Qaf wal-Qur’anil Majeed’ and a passage of similar lenfth in the morning prayer. [Muslim, As-Salat, Chapter: Recitation in the morning prayer, Hadith # 458]

4. Umm Salamah RA said: ‘The Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam recited Surah at-Tur (in the morning prayer).’ [Imam Bukhari narrated in the Chapter: The recitation of the Quraan in the Fajr prayer]

5. ‘Abdullah bin Saib RA narrated: ‘ (After the conquest of Makkah) the Messenger of Allah Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam led us in the Fajr Prayer. He Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam started the recitation of Surat Al-Mu-minoon. When he reached the part where the names of Musa and Harun are mentioned, he started coughing and went into Rukoo’. ‘ [Muslim, As-Salat, Chapter: Recitation in the Fajr prayer, Hadith # 455]

6. Jabir bin Samurah RA narrated: ‘The Messenger of Allah Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam used to recite Surah Al Buruj and Surah At-Tariq in Zuhr and ‘Asr prayer.’ [Abu Da’-wood, As-Salat, Chapter: Length of recitation in Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers, Hadith # 805]

7. According to a hadith, he used to recite Surah al-A’la in Zuhr prayer. [Muslim, As-Salat, Chapter: Recitation in the Fajr prayer, Hadith # 460]

8. Jabir bin Samurah RA narrated: ‘The Messenger of Allah Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam used to recite Surah Al Layl in the Zuhr prayer and a similar Surah in Asr, while in Fajr he ised to recite a long Surah.’ [Muslim, As-Salat, Chapter: Recitation in the Fajr prayer, Hadith # 459]

9. Please see reference # 6.

10. Ibn ‘Abbas RA narrated: (My mother) Umm al-Fadl RA heard me reciting ‘Wal Mursalati ‘Urfa’ and said, ‘O My Son! By Allah, you recitation made me remember that it was the last Surah I heard from Allah’s Messenger Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam. He recited it in the Maghrib prayer.’ [Bukhari, Adhan, Chapter: The recitation of the Quraan in the Maghrib Prayer, Hadith # 763]

11. Marwan bin Al Hakam RA narrated: Zaid bin Thaabit RA said to me, “Why do you recite very short Surahs in the Maghrib prayer while I heard the Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam reciting the longer of the two long Surahs?’ {Al ‘Araaf and Al-Maa-idah or Al ‘Araaf and Al An-‘aam  (See Fath al Bari, vol.2. pp. 389-390)}  [Bukhari, Adhan, Chapter: The recitation of the Quraan in the Maghrib Prayer, Hadith # 764]

12. Please see reference # 11.

13. Please see reference # 11.

14. Al Bara’ RA narrated: ‘The Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam was on a journey and recited in one of the first two Rak’ahs of the Ishaa prayer ‘Wat-teeni Waz-Zaytuni’.’ [Bukhari, Adhan, Chapter: To recite aloud in the Ishaa prayer, Hadith # 767]

15. Narrated Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah: Muadh bin Jabal RA used to pray with the Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam  and then go to lead his people in prayer. One night he performed Isha prayer with the Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam .  He then came to his people and led them in Salah and began with Surat al Baqarah.A man turned aside, said the Taslim, then prayerd alone and departed. People said to him: ‘Have you become a hypocrite, O so-and-so?’ He said, ‘I swear by Allah that I have not, but I will certainly go to Allah’s Messenger Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam and inform (him) about this.’  He then came to the Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam  and said:

“O Allah’s Apostle! We look after camels that we use for watering, and work by day. Mu’adh RA performed the Ishaa prayer with you. He then came and began with Surah Al Baqarah.”

The Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam  turned to Mu’adh RA and said, “Are you there to trouble (the people)? Recite such and such a Surah.” Jabir RA narrated that the Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam said, “Recite ‘Wash-shamsi wad-uhaha’ (Ash-Shams – The Sun 91:1) or ‘Sabbih isma Rabbi ka-l-A’la’ (Al-A’la – The Most High 87:1), Upon this ‘Amr said: ‘and like these Surahs’. [Muslim, As-Salat, Chapter: Recitation in the Ishaa prayer, Hadith # 465]

16.  Please see reference # 15.

17. Abu Rafi RA narrated: I offered the Ishaa prayer begind Abu Hurairah RA and he recited ‘Idhas Sama-un Shaqqat’ and prostrated. On my enquiring why he had done so, he said:

“I prostrated behind Abul-Qasmi (the Prophet Salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam) (when he recited that Surah) and I will keep performing this prostration while reciting it till I meet him.”  [Bukhari, Adhan, Chapter: To recite aloud in the Ishaa prayer, Hadith # 766]

***

May Allah SWT make this a reminder for myself and others and get us motivated to learn more of His Beautiful Words in the Quraan.Ameen.

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