And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], “Am I not your Lord?”
They said, “Yes, we have testified.”
[Suratul ‘Araaf, 7: part of aya 172]
It’s okay if you didn’t make it to Hajj (yet again) this year. You can make duaa for all those went and can join in the ‘Ibadaat wherever you are. Basically, you can still join the fun inshaa’Allah.
What’s so amazing about the next 10 days of Dhul Hijjah?
Good deeds during these days are:
1. Beloved to Allah SWT, yes that’s right! Beloved to the Lord of the Worlds! Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days.” The people asked, “Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah?” He said, “Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing.” [Reported by al-Bukhaari, 2/457].
2. Precious and more in reward(than even Jihad)
3. Better than the last 10 days of Ramadan?
- Abu Uthman al-Nahdi, one of the great scholars of the second generation said, “They used to glorify three groups of ten days; the last ten days of Ramadan, the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah and the first ten days of Muharram.”
- The same question was forwarded to Ibn Taymiyyah and his answer was, “the last ten nights of Ramadan are better in terms of the night and the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah are better in terms of the days.
- Ibn al-Qayyim confirmed this and added that the last ten nights of Ramadan includes the best night, Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Power), which is better than a thousand months.
- The great exegete Ibn Kathir accepted this conclusion as well as bringing together seemingly contradictory reports.
- It is reported that once the Ten Days started, Sa’eed bin Jubair, the famous scholar of the second generation would exert himself in excessive worship of Allah. [Source: Sh. Haitham al Haddad]
- The texts and others indicate that these ten days are better than all the other days of the year, with no exceptions, not even the last ten days of Ramadaan. But the last ten nights of Ramadaan are better, because they include Laylat al-Qadr (“the Night of Power”), which is better than a thousand months. (See Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 5/412). [ Islam QA, # 1699,] Righteous deeds on these ten days are better than on others. With regard to fasting, that should only be done on nine of them; the tenth day is the day of Eid when it is haraam to fast. [Islam QA,#41633]
Things to do the next 10 days inshaa’Allah:
- Highly Recommended Act!
- Most Virtuous of Deeds:
- Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said that Allah says, “Every action of the son of Adam is given manifold reward; each good deed receiving ten times it’s like, up to seven hundred times. Allah the Most High said: ‘Except for fasting, for it is for Me and I will give recompense for it, he leaves off his desires and his food for Me’. For the fasting person there are two times of joy; a time of joy when he breaks his fast and a time of joy when he meets his Lord, and the smell coming from the mouth of the fasting person is better with Allah than the smell of Musk.”[Sahih al Bukhari and Muslim]
- Abdullah ibn Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The fast and the Qur’an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: ‘O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.’ The Qur’an will say: ‘I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.’ And their intercession will be accepted.”[Ahmad]
- Did the Prophet SAW do it?
- It is narrated from Hunaydah ibn Khaalid from his wife, that one of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to fast on the first nine days of Dhu’l-Hijjah and the day of ‘Ashoora’, the three days each month, the first Monday of the month and two Thursdays.”[al-Nasaa’i and Abu Dawood]
- In another narration reported by al-Nasaaʽi that Hafsah, the wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “the Prophet never left four things; fasting Ashura, the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, three days every month and the two rak’ats before the Fajr prayer.”
- Conclusion: However, these two narrations are not clear cut evidences that the Prophet used to fast the first nine days of Dhu’l-Hijjah every year for two main reasons. Firstly, some scholars disputed the authenticity of them. Secondly, these reports were contradicted by another report in Sahih Muslim that Aisha, the wife of the Prophet confirmed that she never saw the Prophet fasting the ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah. The scholars have different ways of reconciling between these contradictory reports and it was concluded by the vast majority of scholars that fasting them is a much recommended act as it combines between fasting which is a very virtuous act during a very blessed time.
- Double deal?!! Expiation for sins of the past year and the upcoming year? It was reported from Abu Qutaadah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about fasting on the Day of ‘Arafaah. He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” Narrated by Muslim. This (fasting) is mustahabb for those who are not on Hajj. In the case of the one who is on Hajj, it is not Sunnah for him to fast on the Day of ‘Arafaah, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not fast on this day in ‘Arafaah. It was narrated that he forbade fasting on the Day of ‘Arafaah in ‘Arafaah.
2. Revive the Sunnah of calling out Takbeer loudly
-Types of Takbeer [Source: Sh. Haitham Al-Haddad]
- Takbeer is of two types during these days – one general and the other specific and restricted.
- With regards to the general takbeer, it is prescribed from the beginning of the month, which starts by the sunset of the last day of month Dhu’l Qa’dah – the month preceding Dhu’l-Hijjah, until the sunset of the 13th day of Dhu’l-Hijjah.
- Allah says, “That they may witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e. reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade), and mention the Name of Allah on known appointed days.” [Suratul Hajj,22:28] The known appointed days are the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah according to the scholars of tafsir. Moreover, Allah says, “And remember Allah during the few appointed Days.”[Suratul Baqarah, 2:203] The few appointed days are the 11th, 12th and 13th days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah.”
- The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) also said, “The days of Tashreeq are the days of eating, drinking and remembering Allah.”[Muslim] It was reported that Umar ibn al-Khattaab and his son Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with them both) used to declare Takbeer during the days of Mina in the mosque and in the camps, and they would raise their voices until Mina echoed with their Takbeer.
- Restricted takbeer is the same form of takbeer but it is to be said specifically after the five compulsory prayers, especially if they are performed in congregation. It also can be said either after finishing the prayer or after that normal dhikr that ought to be recited after the prayer. It starts for those who are not doing Hajj either after Fajr or Dhuhr on the day of Arafah. For people doing Hajj it starts after Dhuhr of the tenth day. In both cases it continues until the Asr prayer on the 13th day of Dhu’l-Hijjah which is the last day of tashreeq. This range is what the vast majority of Companions agreed to. Women may engage in this act if they pray in quarters separate from non-mahram men.
- Thus according to the most correct scholarly view, unrestricted takbeer and takbeer restricted to certain times are combined on five days – the Day of ‘Arafah, the Day of Sacrifice, and the three days of Tashreeq.
- Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are no days greater in the sight of Allah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so during this time recite a great deal of Tahleel (“La ilaaha ill-Allaah”), Takbeer and Tahmeed.” [Reported by Ahmad, 7/224; Ahmad Shaakir stated that it is saheeh]
- The Takbeer may include the words “Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, la ilaaha ill-Allaah; wa Allaahu akbar wa Lillaahi’l-hamd (Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, there is no god but Allaah; Allaah is Most Great and to Allaah be praise),” as well as other phrases.
- It was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and a group of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) used to recite Takbeer following each of the five prayers from Fajr on the day of ‘Arafaah until ‘Asr on the thirteenth day of Dhu’l-Hijjah. This applies to those who are not on Hajj; for those who are on Hajj, they should concentrate on their ihraam and recite the Talbiyah, until they throw the stones at Jamarat al-‘Aqabah on the Day of Sacrifice (Yawm al-Nahr); after that they may recite Takbeer. [Islam QA, # 10508]
- Reward for reviving a forgotten Sunnah? The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever revives one of my Sunnahs that has died out after I am gone, will have a reward like that of everyone who does it, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 7/443; this hadeeth is hasan because of corroborating reports.]
- should be pronounced loudly, in order to revive the Sunnah and as a reminder to the negligent in the mosque, the home, the street and every place where it is permitted to remember Allaah and mention His name out loud, as an act of worship and as a proclamation of the greatness of Allaah, may He be exalted.
- men should recite these phrases out loud, and women should recite them quietly.
- individually and not altogether: There is sound evidence that Ibn ‘Umar and Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with them) used to go out in the marketplace during the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, reciting Takbeer, and the people would recite Takbeer when they heard them. The idea behind reminding the people to recite Takbeer is that each one should recite it individually, not in unison, as there is no basis in Sharee’ah for doing this.
- perfect opportunity to repent because if you combine your good deeds with repentance, inshaa’Allah Allah SWT will accept your repentance because Allah SWT says: “But as for him who repented, believed and did righteous deeds, then he will be among those who are successful.” [al-Qasas 28:67]
- It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of du’aa’ is du’aa’ on the day of ‘Arafah, and the best that I and the Prophets before me said is ‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer (There is no god but Allaah alone, with no partner or associate; His is the dominion, to Him be praise, and He has power over all things).” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (3585)’ classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb (1536)].
- Best of duaa? Al-Baaji (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The words “The best of du’aa’ is on the day of ‘Arafah” mean the dhikr with the greatest blessing, the greatest reward and that which is most likely to be answered. It may be interpreted as referring to pilgrims only, because the meaning of du’aa’ on the day of ‘Arafah is very true in their case, and applies especially to them. But if the day of ‘Arafah is regarded in general terms, it is described as such because of the pilgrims being there. And Allaah knows best.
- So non-pilgrims can enjoy the benefits too? The Ulema’ of the past thought that the virtue of the day of ‘Arafah did not apply only to the pilgrims only, although gathering to remember Allaah and say du’aa’ in the mosques on the day of ‘Arafah was not narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Hence Imam Ahmad did not do it, but he allowed it and did not forbid it, because it was narrated that some of the Sahaabah did it, such as Ibn ‘Abbaas and ‘Amr ibn Hurayth (may Allaah be pleased with them). [Islam QA, # 70282]
- Beautify your Salah after sunrise and before sunset and pray all on time (because it’s the days which are blessed), in congregation
- Nawafil. For benefits, virtues, rewards and motivation for Nafilah Salah: please click here | part 1 | part 2 |
- What is the excellence of reciting the Quraan? Need a reminder? Please click here.
- How about trying to memorize few short Surahs inshaa’Allah? Can I tempt you? Here’s a post that may be helpful.
- (besides the morning and evening): while you’re commuting, driving, cleaning, cooking, ironing etc., why not say the following?
- Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer (There is no god but Allaah alone, with no partner or associate; His is the Dominion, to Him be all praise, and He is able to do all things) 100 times.
- It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever says Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer one hundred times in a day, it will be as if he freed ten slaves, and one hundred hasanaat (good deeds) will be recorded for him, and one hundred sayi’aat (bad deeds) will be erased from him, and it will be a protection for him against the Shaytaan all that day until evening comes. No one can do anything better than that except one who does more.” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3119; Muslim, 2691.]
- Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdih (Praise and glory be to Allaah) 100 times.
- It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever says Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdih (Praise and glory be to Allaah) one hundred times, morning and evening, his sins will be erased even if they are like the foam of the sea.” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6042; Muslim, 2691.]
- Honoring one’s parents with Ihsaan: Allaah SWT says:
- “And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents” [al-Ahqaaf 46:15]
- “And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents”[al-‘Ankaboot 29:8]
- “but behave with them in the world kindly” [Luqmaan 31:15]
- Shaykh al-Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “be dutiful and kind to parents” means: treat them kindly in all ways, in word and in deed.[Tafseer al-Sa’di, pp. 524.]
- Respect for Husband: It was narrated from ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a woman does her five (daily prayers), fasts her month (Ramadaan), guards her chastity and obeys her husband, it will be said to her: Enter whichever of the gates of Paradise you want.” [Narrated by Ahmad (1/191). The editors of al-Musnad said: It is hasan li ghayrihi (hasan because of corroborating evidence). It was classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb (1932). ]
- Kindness to one’s wife: “The best of you is the one who is best to his womenfolk, and I am the best of you to my womenfolk.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 3895; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3314.]
- Upholding ties with Relatives: It was narrated that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Whoever would like his provision to be increased and his lifespan extended, let him uphold his ties of kinship.” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5639; Muslim, 2557]
- Maintain good relationship with parents’ friends: It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Dinaar from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar that a man from among the Bedouins met him on the road to Makkah. ‘Abd-Allaah greeted him with salaam, seated him on the donkey that he was riding and gave him a turban that he had been wearing on his head. Ibn Dinar said: We said to him: May Allaah guide you, they are just Bedouins and they would be content with little. ‘Abd-Allaah said: The father of this man was a friend of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab and I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “The best act of kindness is for the son to uphold ties (of friendship) with those who were his father’s friends.” [Narrated by Muslim, 2552.]
- The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When a man dies, his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge and a righteous son who will pray for him.” [Narrated by Muslim, 3084.]
- Ibn Maajah (224) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The good deeds that will reach a believer after his death are: knowledge which he learned and then spread; a righteous son whom he leaves behind; a copy of the Qur’aan that he leaves as a legacy; a mosque that he built; a house that he built for wayfarers; a canal that he dug; or charity that he gave during his lifetime when he was in good health. These deeds will reach him after his death.” [Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah.]
- be patient, humble and merciful to everyone.