بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم على رسول الله وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن اهتدى بهديه إلى يوم الدين
And (commanding you): “Seek the forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance, that He may grant you good enjoyment, for a specified term, and bestow His abounding Grace to every owner of grace (i.e. the one who helps and serves needy and deserving, physically and with his wealth, and even with good words). But if you turn away, then I fear for you the punishment of a Great Day.
[Surat Hood, 11:3]
From Tafseer ibn Katheer:
(And (commanding you): `Seek the forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance, that He may grant you good enjoyment, for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding grace to every owner of grace.)
This means, “I am commanding you to seek forgiveness from previous sins and to turn to Allah from future sins, and thereafter you abide by that.”
(that He may grant you good enjoyment,)
This is in reference to this worldly life.
(for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding grace to every owner of grace.)
This refers to the Hereafter, according to Qatadah. “This is like the statement of Allah,
(Whoever works righteousness — whether male or female — while a true believer, verily to him We will give a good life.) [Surat An-Nahl, 16:97]
Concerning Allah’s statement,
وَإِن تَوَلَّوْاْ فَإِنِّي أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ كَبِيرٍ
(But if you turn away, then I fear for you the torment of a Great Day.)
This is a severe threat for whoever turns away from the commandments of Allah, the Exalted, and rejects His Messengers. Verily, the punishment will afflict such a person on the Day of Resurrection and there will be no escape from it.
Ust. Taymiyyah Zubayr:
وَأَنِ اسْتَغْفِرُواْ رَبَّكُمْ ثُمَّ تُوبُواْ
Istighfaar refers to seeking forgiveness for something a person has done in the past. Tawbah refers to repentance from something the person is currently involved, to stop doing it and turning back to Him.
إِلَيْهِ يُمَتِّعْكُمْ مَّتَاعًا حَسَنًا إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى
This refers to enjoyment in the world, its pleasures. There are certain good deeds for which the reward begins in the dunia itself, of which one is silatur-rahm (making a consistent and regular effort of joining family ties which have been cut off or are weak).
People think that those who become practising, their life will become difficult. However, the reality is that life is going to be difficult for everyone anyway. Nobody’s life is perfect. Challenges are always there. Yet, bearing those challenges and difficulties becomes easier by adopting a righteous lifestyle and turning to Allah SWT (Surat’l Nahl, ayah # 97).
وَيُؤْتِ كُلَّ ذِي فَضْلٍ فَضْلَهُ
Dhee FaDL is someone who does extra. He/she does more than required.
FaDLaHu refers to:
(i) in addition to the reward given in this world
(ii) more opportunities to do good (and consequently, if a person does the opposite then the doors of Taufeeq to do good are closed upon him)
And Allah SWT knows best.