بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم على رسول الله وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن اهتدى بهديه إلى يوم الدين
We have to revive the interest of learning the timelines, the cultures, the contexts and the geography of the revelation of the Quraan and ahadith. That cannot be done unless we learn facts about the important people who journeyed to far away lands and transmitted it to us through their beautiful works. They deserve respect and to properly understand what the Rasulalah salalahu ‘alayhi said and/or meant, we need to know how the Sahaba and the pious predecessors after them used those ahadith, basically learn about ‘applied’ Islam rather than just limiting it to theoretical.
The last time I checked, there aren’t many places for the English-speaking audience to refer to for information such as this. As I learn, it is part of the plan to compile and if not already present then draw maps of battles, travels of the Sahaba/Sahabiyaat, and travels of the muhaditheen, mufasireen, and fuqaha from the Salaf to the contemporary scholars of our time. In addition collect information about the basic facts about the amazing individuals and brief info about their accomplishments.
If anyone wants to contribute or wants to suggest any weblinks pertaining to such information, then be my guest. Please note, information that lacks references has been taken (so far) by Ustadh Abu ‘Eesa’s notes on Protect This House. My limited access to references hinders me from searching for them but I’ll try my best to provide reference for whatever I can. Any help in this regard, too, would be appreciated.
SAHABA radiaAllahu ‘anhum
Abd’rahmaan b. ‘Awf RA, passed away at the age of 75 in 32 AH.
- virtues: 1 of the 10 promised Paradise, 1 of the 6 senior companions of the Council (Shoora), 1 of those who participated at Badr, 1 of the first 8 to accept Islam, one of the noble Quraysh
- ‘Uthmaan RA said about him, “Whoever claims that they are better than he from thse who made the first and the last hijrah, has lied.”
- Firther excellence: had the great honor of leading Rasulalah salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam in prayer, buried in al-Baqi’ and ‘Uthmaan RA prayed Janaazah over him RA.
- his name was ‘Abd ‘Amr, some say ‘Abd al Haarith, and some said ‘Abd al Ka’bah but Rasulalah salalahu ‘alayhi wasalam named him as we know today
Abdullah b. Masu’d RA, passed away at the age of 60 in 32 AH.
Abu Hurayrah RA, passed away at the age of 78 in 59 AH.
Ibn Shihaab or Imam az-Zuhuri (R)
- Birth: 50 AH
- Passed away: at the age of 72 in 124 AH
- known to have narrated from many, of some are: Ibn ‘Umar RA, Jaabir RA, Sahl b. Sa’d RA, Anas b. Maalik RA
- Imam adh-Dhahabi (R) mentioned in his Siyaar that he was, ‘Imam al-‘ilm wa Hafiz-zamaanihi!’
- Ali b. al-Madani (teacher of Imam al Bukhari) said: ” Four used to give fatwa: al-Hakam, Hammad, Qatadah and Zuhri and as far as I am concerned, Zuhri was the most knowledgeable of them.”
- Imam Maalik said: “The people have Ibn Shihaab left and he has no comparison.”
Muhammad b. Abi ‘Ateeq (R)
- He is Muhammad b. Abi ‘Ateeq Muhammad b. ‘Abdarahmaan b. Abi Bakr as-Siddeeq – he’s the great great-grandson of Abu Bakr RA
- one known of good character and well known in hadith circles
Abu Bakr b. Abi Uways al-A’shah (R), nephew of Imam Malik (R)
- Passed away: 202 AH in Baghdad
Imam al Bukhaari (R)
- Birth: Shawwal 13, 194 AH, city of Bukhara after Jumu’ah prayer (in modern day Uzbekistan)
- Passed away: 256 AH
- His main teachers (thus those whom he narrated from are): Ahmad b. Hanbal (R), Yahya b. Ma’een (R), ‘Ali b. al-Madani (R), Ishaaq b. Raahwayh (R)
- Students: narrated his Sahih to over 90, 000 students. From them were the likes of: Imam Muslim (R), al-Tirmidhi (R), an-Nasaa-ee’ (R), Abu Haatim, Abu Bakr b. Abi al-Dunya, Ibn Khuzaymah, al-Marwazi